Moles are on the increase in the Uk, an estimated 33 million moles nationally. There are several reasons for this, the ban of strychnine in 2006, foot and mouth in 2001 and the UK climate which has helped moles to breed and live better lives.
Moles can dig 18 ft per hour, they do this to mainly hunt for their favourite food which is earth worms. They work on a four hourly cycle of sleep and work which means that they can shift up to 72 ft of soil in a cycle.
Moles live in a complicated tunnel system underground, they are mainly solitary animals and are very territorial, but they do from time to time come across one another, at mating time February to April depending on the weather and also when looking for new territories. Their territories very often cross each other’s paths, and so use each other’s boundary tunnels.
Mole hills can appear very quickly and can soon get out of control, people only see the damage above ground, imagine the devastation underneath!
Moles can and do swim and are very often living very close to rivers and other water sources.
Moles do not hibernate, and continue their usual work and sleep activities throughout the year.
Female moles can have upto 8 pups per litter and can have two litters a year depending on the weather, however this is usually not normal, with a later litter not usually surviving the British weather.
Moles require up to two thirds their own body weight in food and have a very high metabolism, meaning a lot of digging for food.
Moles can spread disease, via spreading bacteria Clostridium and Listeria from the underground soil, this can pollute silage on farm lands, in turn effecting sheep and cattle. Another disease which can be spread by moles is the Weils disease often associated with rats, which can be deadly.
It is illegal to release a wild mole in any location without first having written permission from the land owner.
Live trapping moles causes severe stress which can kill the mole. Any live trap must be checked every four hours, including throughout the night, otherwise the mole will starve to death due to its high metabolism. Grantham Mole Control never use live trapping methods, poisons or gas.